Сайт о горячих клавишах.





Горячие клавиши VIM








VIM - это радактор которому более 30 лет, он расчитан на то то бы управлять текстами лишь с буквенной клавиатуры. В VIM нет так называемых горячих клавишь, есть лишь команды.

Вот лишь небольшой список основных команд.

VIM аццки расширяется, поэтому в нем ВСЕ, буквально все делается проще, однако порог входя в VIM крайне высок, и пользуются им большелобые очкоглазы с рыжей бородой.

Ну может быть и вы станете таким когда-нибудь ?

Я уже стал

How to Exit

:q[uit] Quit Vim. This fails when changes have been made.
:q[uit]! Quit without writing.
:cq[uit] Quit always, without writing.
:wq Write the current file and exit.
:wq! Write the current file and exit always.
:wq Write to . Exit if not editing the last
:wq! Write to and exit always.
:[range]wq[!] [file] Same as above, but only write the lines in [range].
ZZ Write current file, if modified, and exit.
ZQ Quit current file and exit (same as ":q!")
Editing a File
:e[dit] Edit the current file. This is useful to re-edit the current file, when it has been changed outside of Vim.
:e[dit]! Edit the current file always. Discard any changes to the current buffer. This is useful if you want to start all over again.
:e[dit] Edit .
:e[dit]! Edit always. Discard any changes to the current buffer.
gf Edit the file whose name is under or after the cursor. Mnemonic: "goto file".
Inserting Text
a Append text after the cursor [count] times.
A Append text at the end of the line [count] times.
i Insert text before the cursor [count] times.
I Insert text before the first non-blank in the line [count] times.
gI Insert text in column 1 [count] times.
o Begin a new line below the cursor and insert text, repeat [count] times.
O Begin a new line above the cursor and insert text, repeat [count] times.
Inserting a file
:r[ead] [name] Insert the file [name] below the cursor.
:r[ead] ! Execute and insert its standard output below the cursor.
Deleting Text
x Delete [count] characters under and after the cursor
X Delete [count] characters before the cursor
d Delete text that moves over
dd Delete [count] lines
D Delete the characters under the cursor until the end of the line
x or
d
Delete the highlighted text (for see Selecting Text).
CTRL-H or
When in Select mode: Delete the highlighted text
X or
D
Delete the highlighted lines
:[range]d[elete] Delete [range] lines (default: current line)
:[range]d[elete] Delete lines, starting with [range]
Changing (or Replacing) Text
r replace the character under the cursor with .
R Enter Insert mode, replacing characters rather than inserting
~ Switch case of the character under the cursor and move the cursor to the right. If a [count] is given, do that many characters.
~ switch case of text.
~ Switch case of highlighted text
Substituting
:[range]s[ubstitute]///[c][e][g][p][r][i][I] [count] For each line in [range] replace a match of with .
:[range]s[ubstitute] [c][e][g][r][i][I] [count] :[range]&[c][e][g][r][i][I] [count] Repeat last :substitute with same search pattern and substitute string, but without the same flags. You may add extra flags
The arguments that you can use for the substitute commands:
[c] Confirm each substitution. Vim positions the cursor on the matching
string. You can type:
'y' to substitute this match
'n' to skip this match
to skip this match
'a' to substitute this and all remaining matches
'q' to quit substituting
CTRL-E to scroll the screen up
CTRL-Y to scroll the screen down .
[e] When the search pattern fails, do not issue an error message and, in
particular, continue in maps as if no error occurred.
[g] Replace all occurrences in the line. Without this argument,
replacement occurs only for the first occurrence in each line.
[i] Ignore case for the pattern.
[I] Don't ignore case for the pattern. [p] Print the line containing the last substitute.

Copying and Moving Text
" Use register for next delete, yank or put (use uppercase character to append with delete and yank) ( only work with put).
:reg[isters] Display the contents of all numbered and named registers.
:reg[isters] Display the contents of the numbered and named registers that are mentioned in .
:di[splay] [arg] Same as :registers.
["x]y Yank text [into register x].
["x]yy Yank [count] lines [into register x]
["x]Y yank [count] lines [into register x] (synonym for yy).
["x]y Yank the highlighted text [into register x] (for see Selecting Text).
["x]Y Yank the highlighted lines [into register x]
:[range]y[ank] [x] Yank [range] lines [into register x].
:[range]y[ank] [x] Yank lines, starting with last line number in [range] (default: current line), [into register x].
["x]p Put the text [from register x] after the cursor [count] times.
["x]P Put the text [from register x] before the cursor [count] times.
["x]gp Just like "p", but leave the cursor just after the new text.
["x]gP Just like "P", but leave the cursor just after the new text.
:[line]pu[t] [x] Put the text [from register x] after [line] (default current line).
:[line]pu[t]! [x] Put the text [from register x] before [line] (default current line).
Undo/Redo/Repeat
u Undo [count] changes.
:u[ndo] Undo one change.
CTRL-R Redo [count] changes which were undone.
:red[o] Redo one change which was undone.
U Undo all latest changes on one line.
. Repeat last change, with count replaced with [count].



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